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Saturday, November 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of Studies on human impact on forests and floodplains in the tropics found in the catalog.

Studies on human impact on forests and floodplains in the tropics

SHIFT-Workshop (2nd 1995 Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)

Studies on human impact on forests and floodplains in the tropics

summaries of lectures and posters presented at the II SHIFT-Workshop, Cuiabá, July 10-14, 1995, Univ. Fed. Mato Grosso

by SHIFT-Workshop (2nd 1995 Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso)

  • 187 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by CNPq in Brasília, DF, Brazil .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Brazil
    • Subjects:
    • Rain forest ecology -- Brazil -- Congresses.,
    • Floodplain forest ecology -- Brazil -- Congresses.,
    • Floodplain ecology -- Brazil -- Congresses.,
    • Nature -- Effect of human beings on -- Brazil -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      At head of title: German/Brazilian Cooperation in Environmental Research and Technology.

      StatementMCT-Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia, CNPq-Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico ... [et al.].
      ContributionsConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQH117 .S48 1995
      The Physical Object
      Pagination235 p. ;
      Number of Pages235
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL635060M
      LC Control Number96831470


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Studies on human impact on forests and floodplains in the tropics by SHIFT-Workshop (2nd 1995 Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Studies on human impact on forests and floodplains in the tropics German-Brazilian program of scientific cooperation. Project ENV Soil fauna & litter decomposition in primary and secondary forest and a mixed culture system in Amazonia.

News & Views: The Shift Programme. Studies on human impact on forests and floodplains in the tropics.

German-Brazilian program of scientific cooperation. Project ENV Soil fauna & litter decomposition in primary and secondary forest and a mixed culture system in Amazonia. Major study investigates human impacts on tropics by University of Aberdeen Human impacts on the forests of the tropics are causing irreversible changes to these ecosystems yet the effects of these.

Proceedings of the Third SHIFT Workshop, Manaus, MarchStudies on Human Impact on Forests and Floodplains in the Tropics A German - Brazilian Research Program. Find all books from Lieberei, Reinhard, Helmut Bianchi und Karsten Voß (Ed.).

At you can find used, antique and new books, compare results and immediately purchase your selection at the best price. Proceedings of the Third Studies on Human Impact on Forests and Floodplains in the Tropics (SHIFT)-Workshop Manaus, marchA German-Brazilian Research Program.

Author(s). Third SHIFT (Studies on Human Impact on Forests and Floodplains in the Tropics) - Workshop, Manaus, MarchProgram and Abstracts of Presentations and Posters. Author(s) Bianchi, H.K., Voss, K.

Publication year: Notes: Library holding:PRO3 show all notes. FAO’s Forestry and Forest Products Division, the forerunner of today’s Forestry Department, was established in late spring – so FAO Forestry observes its sixtieth anniversary inprolonging the celebrations of the sixtieth anniversary that FAO celebrated in October On this occasion we thought it fitting to cover a range of topics rather than a single theme.

Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics is a comprehensive review of the hydrological and physiological functioning of tropical rain forests, the environmental impacts of their disturbance 5/5(1). Tropical forests contain about 25% of the world’s carbon, and other forest regions of the world add another 20% of the world’s carbon.

In just the Amazon basin, studies estimate that forests contain billion tons of carbon, which could be equivalent to decades of human carbon emissions. One study showed that percent of deforestation occurs within 5 km of a road or navigable river.

Roads have a relatively small impact on forest cover, but the development of roads contributes to habitat fragmentation, and increased mortality of animal.

It shows why planting new trees is good for the climate, and why keeping existing forests standing is even better. It describes why forest protection efforts focus on the tropics for greatest impact. And it explains forest degradation, peat soils, and the feedback of climate change on tropical forests, among other concepts.

Forest fires related to human activities represent a threat for the relicts of tropical forests around the world, even in protected areas. Despite this, almost half of the studies have been conducted in only two countries (Brazil and Indonesia).

This is the first integrative book on the functioning and ecologically oriented use of floodplain forests in the tropics and provides fundamental knowledge for scientist. The three study catchments were: a ha old secondary forest, a ha mosaic of mixed age forest, pasture, and subsistence agriculture, and a ha actively grazed pasture subcatchment of.

Poverty, food insecurity, biodiversity and habitat loss are persistent global challenges that are further exacerbated by the impacts of climate change. These challenges are particularly hard felt in the tropical landscapes of the global South where tensions between local socio-economic and international environmental commitments are pervasive.

Due to the apparent failure of sectorial. Tropical forests now known to be key sites of ancient human occupation and modification from the Late Pleistocene, intensifying into the Late Holocene. Dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating demonstrate that living tropical trees can provide ‘stratigraphic records’ of human influences on growth patterns over the past millennium.

Central Amazonian floodplain forests are an unique and endangered ecosystem. The forests grow in areas that are annually flooded by large rivers during mean periods of up to 8 months and at depths of up to 10 m.

Despite this severe stress, these forests consist of over 1, species and are by far the most species-rich floodplain forests worldwide. Many of the effects of roads on the environment are caused by other forms of human activity and land use.

Impacts of agriculture, urbanization, forest practices, and manufacturing are in many ways similar and sometimes interrelated with the impacts of roads. Information gaps are discussed in the fifth section. The current extent of tropical rain forests and tropical moist deciduous forests has been estimated to be billion ha, with 1 billion ha considered to be intact or primary forests in which human activity has had little impact (World Bank, ).

The Geographic Extent of Deforestation and Forest Regeneration across the Tropics. The Tropical Forests of the Future. Chapter 2. Ancient Human Legacies in Tropical Forest Landscapes. Overview. The Peopling of the Tropics. Impacts of Early Hunter-Gatherer Societies.

The Development of Agriculture. Patrick has a broader interest in studying the time-depth of human impacts on tropical forests - now the most threatened terrestrial ecosystems after the polar ice-caps - and how this has varied across space and time.

He is committed to current UNESCO initiatives that bring together archaeologists and anthropologists to discuss potential. Algae can be important to ecosystem-level primary production in floodplain water bodies, rivaling that of the more conspicuous floating emergent plants and floodplain forest.

Stable isotope studies have shown that algae can contribute disproportionately to the support of aquatic food webs even though their biomass is small compared with that of.

A growing body of evidence indicates that the continuing destruction of tropical forests is disrupting the movement of water in the atmosphere, causing major shifts in precipitation that could lead to drought in key agricultural areas in China, India, and the U.S.

Midwest. By. Key climate change impacts on forest ecosystems Reviews by Lucier et al., () and Fishlin et al., () on detected impacts, vulnerability and projected impacts of climate change on forests found that impacts varied across the continents with some forest types being more vulnerable than others.

Impacts included. III. ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF, AND VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO, CLIMATE CHANGE 13 Information gathering – data, systematic observation and monitoring 13 Information analysis – reporting of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation 15 IV.

REGIONAL IMPACTS OF AND VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE 18 Africa 18 Asia 20 Latin. Results and discussion. Distance to hunters’ access points, species body mass, and human population density (HPD) were the most important predictors of defaunation, followed by stunting and the protection status of the area (S1 Text, S5 Table, S3, S4, S5 Figs).More than half of the pantropical forest area (60%) is located within 10 km of the nearest human settlement, and >80% is.

Forests: Review of Current Science Abstract Tropical forests exert a more profound influence on weather patterns, freshwater, natural disasters, biodiversity, food, and human health – both in the countries where forests are found and in distant countries – than any other terrestrial biome.

This report. This book, containing 12 chapters including an introduction which focuses on soil fertility under different land use systems in the tropics.

Chapter 2 contains a global literature review on human population growth, soil resources of the tropics, tropical land use and management, soil degradation and sustainable land management. For floodplains, we used 15 forest sites burned by one or two wildfires.

Three unburned floodplain forests were used as reference. In all floodplain sites, small trees [1–10 cm in diameter at breast height (DBH)] were measured within m 2; medium trees (10–30 cm in DBH) within ha; and large trees (>30 cm in DBH) within ha.

These. Forests (ISSN ) is a peer-reviewed open access journal of forestry and forest ecology published monthly online by MDPI. Open Access —free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.; High Visibility: indexed by the Science Citation Index Expanded (Web of Science), Ei Compendex, GeoBase, Scopus and other databases.

Impacts of forest fires on boreal forests Fire in boreal forests Impact of forest fires on fauna Direct and underlying causes of forest fires in boreal forests 6. Socio-economic impacts of forest fires 7.

Forest fires and climate change 8. Proposals to address the negative impact of forest fires References iii 1 3 5 7 9 9 Furthermore, studies on the impact of forest clearance on water yield demonstrate that in cases where secondary forest vegetation is allowed to grow, total blue and green water fluxes return to.

Human impact on Amazonian floodplains is increasing due to agriculture, cattle and buffalo farming, logging, civil construction projects, mining and reservoirs for hydroelectric power.

Small-scale multiple uses and ecotourism, however, provide sustainable management that partially limits the. This book brings together evidence for the nature of human interactions with tropical forests on a global scale.

Following a review of the natural history and variability of tropical forest ecosystems, this book takes a tour of human, and human ancestor, occupation and use of tropical forest. Tropical forest recovery: legacies of human impact and natural disturbances fragments lie beneath much of the rain forest in Africa and the New World tropics (Sanford et al.

; White & Oates ). Extensive forests in the Yu- emphasizing studies of forest recovery follow-ing human disturbances. Several excellent reviews of. Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on ersity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level.

Terrestrial biodiversity is usually greater near the equator, which is the result of the warm climate and high primary productivity. Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth, and is richer in the tropics. She also studies the impacts of migration on forest and land use. In addition to these more arcane systems she has carried out extensive research on the livestock sector, analyzed in her book Fate of the Forest, and soy economies in Latin America (the main deforestation drivers) and has just edited a major themed issue on this topic for the.

The researchers used images from NASA satellites to compile a second data set on habitat features in the same area to determine if the presence of floodplain forests made an impact on fish yields.

“Essentially, we wanted to know if fish yields in areas with forested floodplains are greater, the same, or less than areas where forests have been.

The graph below shows that rates of deforestation increased in all three continents containing tropical rainforest. These were Asia (Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia), Africa (Mali and Madagascar) and South America (Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru).

The signs of human impact in the tropics are often stark. Vast tracts of forest leveled for pasture. Fires in the Amazon that are visible from space. A colossal oil spill that’s been festering. Beginning with the return of the forests to Europe, North America, and the tropics after the Ice Ages, Williams traces the impact of human-set fires for gathering and hunting, land clearing for agriculture, and other activities from the Paleolithic through the classical world and the Middle s: 1.Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests seeks to address this shortcoming by bringing together a range of experts in diverse fields including biology, ecology, biogeography, and biogeochemistry, to review, synthesize, and explain the current state of our collective knowledge on the ecology and conservation of seasonally dry tropical forests.

The book.Deforestation, clearance, clearcutting or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land which is then converted to a non-forest use. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests.

About 31% of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.